I can feel it, feel it with my hand. It’s there.
Renewables, man, get something for nothing. Harness the infinite power of wind, water, wave and tide. Why hasn’t it been done before? But of course it has – two thousand years ago – and has yet to overcome three basic and insurmountable problems”: intermittent, depends on locally weak, dispersed sources of energy, and no viable technology to store significant amounts of power. Bummer….
But Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, or LENR, are showing much more promise as an alternative energy source with a demonstration of a reliable, replicable, nickel-hydrogen gas low-energy nuclear reaction reactor on Monday at National Instruments national trade show at the Austin Convention Center in Texas.
The technique demonstrated by Celani is described here. He describes the desirable qualities for LENR of a class of Nickel/Copper alloys called the Constantans: high catalytic power at dissociating molecular hydrogen. Wiki indicates the name comes from metals with a low or negative temperature coefficient of resistance, or “constantan”.
He then describes his experiments with the measured resistance of Contantan wires while generating anomalous heat.
We observed a further increasing of anomalous
power that, if there are no mistakes around, was about
twice (i.e. absolute value of over 10W) of that detected
when the power was applied to inert wire. The R/Ro
value, after initial increasing, stabilized to 0.808.
If the consideration at point 11) is correct, we can
think that the reaction, apart some temperature threshold,
has a positive feedback with increasing temperature.
Another mysterious communication from Chan the Rossi Replicator has appeared. Curiouser and curiouser (said the E-Cat). In it, he gives insight into not only his view of the mechanism, details of the formula and activation proceedure, but also details of his lab:
I live in tropics and work outside under a tin roof. A large fan is used to cool me and blow away possible combustible gases. Concrete blocks are easy to set up for protection. I picked plantains for 6 mos to afford a good used glove box.
Would i be right in thinking this guy really does know chemistry? Two electrons + proton, aka an hydride ion is energetically closer to a neutron mass, making fusing of an electron proton “ensemble” with a nucleus as it is “assaulted by oscillated hydride ions” energetically possible?
1. RFG (Radio Frequency Generator) essential to HEAT tiny Cu particles which behave as short circuit to supply initial boost to 100 + C. It also acts on Fe by way of movement of particles which become individual magnets. It also aligns nano size Ni particles as if bowling pins ready to be assaulted by oscillated hydride ions.
2. Always use Cu for chamber. It has a permeability of 1. Steel is a shield.
3. I buy Mg powder from AmericanPyro. Place in metal container with attached tube for evacuating and pressurizing with H. Heated to 250 C and as it is cooled an uptake of H creates the essential MgH2.
4. Mix molar % of MgH2 30 (100% excess) Ni 30, Cu 20, Fe 20 in glove box. You might try igniter such as ANTIMONY TRISULFIDE or LITHIUM BOROHYDRIDE in tiny catalytic amounts.
5. Experiment with RFG to determine sweet spot for initial heating and then sweet spot for maintaining reaction, modulating pulse rate, frequency and power. Wave shape is important. Half wave sweet spots also exist. Key is sending Hydride ion into oscillations (e+p+e => n+e => e + Fusion)
To some, the Rossi E-Cat device has come out of nowhere, perhaps fueling the skepticism. This article in the Nebraska Engineer (blog) lists a number of competitors that may soon have marketable applications.
2. Defkalion Green Technologies claim they have a LENR/Cold Fusion product not based upon Rossi’s core design, perhaps based on another researcher Piantelli. They claim they will be announcing details of final products coming for sale this next week
3. Prof. George Miley has been involved in Cold Fusion / LENR research for many years, and is reporting energy density levels similar to Rossi.
4. Dr. Brian Ahern currently CTO of his own startup company, Vibronic Energy Technologies, founded in 2009, claims to have made a major theoretical breakthrough related to his earlier academic work at MIT.
5. In contrast to large industrial devices like the 1MW Rossi device claims are appearing of a simple approach, called Chan’s recipe, using a mixture of nickle and a metal hydride as a source of hydrogen, activated by a radio frequency generator. The accuracy of this report remains to be seen.
The view has been raised by Peter Heckbert that Rossi’s difficulties in patenting his device may in part arise because one cannot patent a “Natural Law”, thus leaving him wide open to competitors.
I think H-Ni fusion cannot been patented. The discovery and scientific proof could be awarded a Nobel price, but as a principle of nature it cannot been patented. Marconi could not get a patent for wireless communication, Otto and Diesel could not get a generic patent for combustion engines. They got patents for their devices.
Natural laws cannot been patented. Usage of micro- and Nanoparticles cannot been patented. This is already standard in industry and research. It is researched as a method to use the phase changes in Metalhydrides as a very efficient heat storage method by Max Plank Institute and as a method for solid state Hydrogen storage it is already used in many real products day by day.
The question in my mind is, what would the world look like, without the need for mining, transportation and combustion of large quantities of chemical fuels to provide the energy needs of society? And if this is so, how soon will the transition take place?
From Vortex list.
Re: [Vo]:Rossi opens 10 KW expression of interest list and sets 10 kW price
Aussie Guy E-Cat
Tue, 22 Nov 2011 01:15:21 -0800
Just placed my order for 10 x 10 kW plants. Will install them, at no cost in my, by children and by friends homes. Rossi said in the radio interview that they had cleared the certification issues and they expected the 10 kW plants to be available in less than 12 months. With a price of $5,400 for a 10 kW thermal plant, this will really upset the market. That is $0.54 / Watt of heat. Assuming the 20 year life Rossi claimed in the interview, the simple LCOE is so small as to make the energy almost free at $0.003 / kWh. At 30% efficiency heat kW to Ac kW with 3 Ac kW output, the electricity price rises to $0.01 / kWh. Good bye grid. It all changes.
On 11/22/2011 7:20 PM, Aussie Guy E-Cat wrote:
November 21st, 2011 at 11:25 PM
Dear Felipe From Chile:
You are right, we are organizing this.
BY THE WAY: WE COLLECT FROM NOW THE NAMES OF ALL THE PERSONS OR
ENITITES INTERESTED TO BUY AN E-CAT OF 10 KW. IF WE WILL REACH
10,000 NAMES IN THE LIST, THE PERSONS IN THE WAITING LIST WILL HAVE
THE RIGHT TO CONFIRM OR NOT THEIR ORDER AT 400 EURO/THERMAL KW. DO
NOT SEND MONEY, WE WILL ACCEPT THE ORDERS ONLY IF WE WILL REACH
10,000 NAMES IN THE WAITING LIST, COMBINING OUR LIST WITH THE
WAITING LIST ORGANIZED BY OUR BROTHERS OF HYDROFUSION .
ANDREA ROSSI, LEONARDO CORP. (PRESIDENT)
EUR4,000 (USD5,400) for a 10 kW heat / hot water plant
According to Rossi he has sold his first plant at a cost of 2,000 Euros per kilowatt, or 2 million for the 1 MW plant, although Rossi expects the cost to go down to 100 Euros per kilowatt installed — a tenth of what coal or natural gas power plants costs, minus the fuel costs.
I phoned NI headquarters and they put me in touch with the NI person in Italy who Andrea Rossi named to me in a Skype conference call today; and that person confirmed the customer relationship. I talked to two additional people as well.
Stefano Concezzi, who serves as NI’s Director of Science and Big Physics Segment, told me that NI does not comment on contracts made with customers, unless the customer requests a press release; but he could confirm that Andrea Rossi is a customer.
“I would love for him to be right.
“We support every kind of research for the betterment of human kind. Whoever is interested in doing that, we would be happy to support.”
Stirling stresses that at this time their contract should not be construed as a validation or confirmation of the E-Cat science, but a signal of NI’s willingness to help Rossi develop the technology.
On November 10, 2011 4:39 PM [MST], regarding the above story, I received the following from Trisha McDonell | Corporate PR Manager | National Instruments.
Subject: Re: final Re: contact info for E-Cat / NI contract
Thank you Sterling for allowing us to review. We approve the text, especially the National Instruments portion of the story that includes Stefano’s quote and information.
# # #
In other news, Rossi’s website was hacked:
November 10th, 2011 at 5:10 PM
Today we have been attacked by a strong hacking action. Our informatic has won the battle in few hours. I heard that we will be attacked again, and also got rumors that I will be personally attacked strongly in the next days: I am very happy of this, first because I will fight back, and this is my natural attitude, second because the more the puppetteers get ballistic and keep frenzy their puppett-snakes, the more i get evidence that my job is well done.
According to Rossi’s blog, Rossi is already self-manufacturing.
October 30th, 2011 at 3:54 PM
1. How many 1 megawatt plants can you sell in one year do you think?
2. When is the next sell?
3. When will the home plants be available for pursued?
I know time is of the essence, that’s why my questions are so rash. Thanks for you answers the mean alot for me.
October 30th, 2011 at 5:56 PM
1- From 30 to 100 for the first year is what we are already ready to make, but
we will get exponentially faster in time
3- this is a more complicated issue, because we need complex certifications
Fortunately, nobody appears to have given Rossi much money. But Rossi has abused the honest and sincere fans who have given him their moral support and encouragement. There is nothing wrong with wanting a new source of clean nuclear energy or wanting liberation from the petrocacy. I hope Rossi’s fans will remember their own dreams and desires for a better world and continue their enthusiasm for legitimate low-energy nuclear reaction research and technology.
And a good riff on what it would be taking to perpetrate a scam:
Unfortunately, if Rossi hired a bunch of actors to pretend to be the customer reps, created an elaborate year-long special-effects-derived series of demos, bribed, hypnotised or otherwise fooled Focardi, Levi, Kullander, Essen, Bianchini, Stremmenos and convinced a bunch of Greek crooks to set up a dummy company called Defkalion to pretend to fight with him over the non-existent eCat, to perpetuate the illusion and spin it off into a competing mirror-scam and convinced his former partners to set up another company called Ampenergo to pretend that they had a contract for The Americas for a substantial sum or that they just did this with no proof because they have worked with Rossi and trust him because he’s such a fine fellow, arranged for Piantelli, Miley and a host of others to try to fool the world into thinking that cold fusion was real, got NASA, SPAWAR, The Defense Threat Reduction Agency and The Defense Intelligence Agency to say nice things about the field, got Bushnell to make a fool of himself, sold his profitable company to his ex-partners in order to spend that wealth on a multi-million dollar scam; certain that once he got all the above ducks in a row he would pretend to sell the first device and then reel in the true target of his dastardly plan – the second (this time genuine) buyer of a 1MW plant that will net him $2 million dollars until they want their money back or sucker a $100 million dollar deal under the table because he has experience in pulling the wool over all these idiotic eyes and knows that they will just take his word for it and not want to test if his 1MW plant can heat a small village without truckloads of coal or oil or a big fat electric cable coming into the container from beneath the floor (no you can’t lift the carpet!) and that, in order to pull this off, Rossi had to risk discovery by interviewing all the people he subsequently fooled so that he could only invite the gullible Professors and not the brilliant anonymous posters on the Internet who surely would have found him out – then all bets are off and I’m with the guys who think that Rossi is an idiot and they are all geniuses.
Interest in cold fusion among the establishment science has always been lukewarm, to say the least.
The real news is happening today in Bologna, where Andrea Rossi, as per schedule, is demonstrating his 1MW Ni-H nuclear powered reactor. This event will be ignored as usual by this journal*, but reports can be expected in the Swedish technology journal Ny Teknik , and the Italian science magazine Focus .
*as predicted with >99% certainty, on the basis of Bayesian statistics
To continue, following the event: the demo appears to have been successful; you can read a report “here”: http://pesn.com/2011/10/28/9501940_1_MW_E-Cat_Test_Successful/. It is anticipated that there will be an AP report in a few days’ time, after which event it may be difficult for Nature to continue to maintain its deafening silence over this development.
Dr John Wright, an advisor to CSIRO’s Sustainable Energy Partnerships, previous Director of the CSIRO Energy Transformed Flagship and Chief of CSIRO Energy Technology, described Australia’s energy strategy as plodding:
Now, I never discount the possibility of a disruptive technology – I often dream about being a developer of a disruptive technology, but I haven’t managed to do it yet, even though I spent a number of years in my shed trying to come up with something – something that will change the picture completely. Just look at what has happened over the past couple of decades. You just couldn’t imagine some of the changes that have occurred.
I must say that in the energy field they haven’t been all that quick and stunning, but perhaps its time is yet to come. There is something like a fourth generation nuclear technology that doesn’t produce any dangerous materials and is cheap – a variation of cold fusion, maybe. A method that turns water into its components, hydrogen and oxygen, cheaply using sunlight. There is a lot of work going on around the world on that at the moment. We have proponents of things like zero point energy, exploiting the weirdness of the quantum dimension.
Who knows what is going to come along. And perhaps we are going to need something like that to really get us to where we want to be. So pick your own energy breakthrough that will change the world. But I’m afraid in the meantime we’ll plod along with what we know now to push the edges of existing technology.
Things stand to get a lot more interesting.
Some links of interest for following the test of Rossi’s 1MW cold fusion reactor.
Daniele Passerini twitter feed (in Italian). Google Reader will translate it for you. He just claimed that Associated Press has the exclusive rights to the test today, so this one will get coverage.
I will add more links as they come online.
Video of the test – big, noisy.
Input (blue) and output (red) temperatures over time for the 1 MegaWatt E-Cat test at Bologna on the 28th of October 2011.
The main justification for a Carbon Tax has been that it is necessary in order to make lower-carbon technologies competitive with coal and gas. However, recent persuasive demonstrations of copious energy generation from a new technology based on a non-carbon nickel/hydrogen system show just how wrong this assumption is.
The technological breakthrough of LENR (or CANR) is no longer speculation. It is a fact that will eventually change the world’s energy problems and its sociopolitical divides through cheap, clean and green energy. The world needs LENR as a new energy source. Although change will not happen over-night, LENR will help reduce CO2 emissions, lower the cost of energy, and provide longevity to our planet’s energy needs.
Defkalion sees its role with responsibility and asks the community at large to continue its support.
• Enhanced technology and engineering on Rossi’s invention or similar inventions
• Prepared business models for international expansion
• Established a strong network of global contacts
• Prepared legislative and certification procedures
• Ensured national, regional and international network in politics and business
• Prepared global financing
Defkalion has worked in close partnership with Andrea Rossi for a very long time to prepare a commercially viable and industrially applicable product using his invention. Defkalion invested a lot of money to evolve Rossi’s E-Cat lab prototype into its Hyperion product. Defkalion is now at the stage where its industrial prototype is ready for production.
Defkalion has held direct business discussions with 62 interested companies who visited our offices in Greece and witnessed our work. Small industry and large energy players internationally were all impressed by our progress in technology and engineering. More are still coming. Despite this phenomenal progress, Defkalion never made promises.
Our aim has always been to inform and demonstrate to public our progress when the final product is ready for use, thereby avoiding any speculations.
Rossi, however, seems determined to go it alone, continuing to solicit designs for a low-cost version of the E-Cat.