Some scientific beliefs are wrong on some of the facts all of the time. Beliefs such as the Ether filling space, Lamarkism, Four Humours make up everything, Sun circles the earth, and Canals on Mars all had the value of explaining some of the facts. They were pushed aside by new beliefs that explained more of the facts.
Some scientific beliefs are wrong on all of the facts some of the time. These include nine planets in the Solar System, atoms are not divisible into anything else.
Some scientific beliefs are wrong on all of the facts all of the time. These include a young Earth, Vitalism (or Chi), bioethanol, and the “casualties of global warming”, including the golden toad, massive extinctions, Possums, Polar Bears, Tuvalu, the Maldives, snow, rain, the Great Barrier Reef…
Inspired by A Short History of Climate Science Hysteria by Gavin Atkins.